ions actually leave scope for varying
interpretations. Consequently, experts remain divided over precise definitions.
Let's start with "bilingual". The common assumption is that a bilingual
individual-typically either the child of an international marriage, or someone
who has grown tip in a foreign country-is equally comfortable in both
languages. But whereas someone may sound equally competent in both
languages in day-to-day conversation, the person might be considerably
stronger, or weaker, in one language in a given situation. Take Jun, a Japanese
boy who grew up in a Japanese-speaking hone but lives in Australia. All his
schooling was in English. In daily conversation, he sounds completely bilingual
(in both languages he makes no grammar mistakes and has a native-like
accent) and he switches effortlessly between English and Japanese. But he
struggles to discuss biology in Japanese. He has never had the opportunity to
learn properly the Japanese equivalents of the biological terms he learned at
The perceived meaning of the word "bilingual" is not necessarily the
same for all people.
1Bi The agreed description of "fluency" in a second language is that the
person can conduct everyday conversations without using a dictionary.
(C Speaking two languages well, like a bilingual person, is an ability that
many people wish to have.
ip) The author implies that becoming a communicatively competent
person is an attainable goal.
(E) Jun often does not know how to behave appropriately in social settings
(F) According to the author, a bilingual individual is equally competent in
two languages regardless of the context of communication.
(G) Sachiko is widely regarded as fluent in English, even though she has
some difficulties with its grammar.
Bread-making provides many pleasures to people of varying ages and
levels of cocking ability. Not only is bread relatively easy to make, but the
actual process of making it is very satisfying, and in the end you can enjoy
eating the delicious results of your efforts. Kneading the dough, working it
until it is smooth, ( a ) open up the lungs and rib cage, and allows you to
release stress, At the same time, the pressure and warmth of your hands
transform a few basic ingredients into a living, growing dough- And of course,
people nearby can enjoy the smell of the bread that is being made. At first,
the yeasty fragrance of the rising dough fills the kitchen; then, the delicious
aroma of the bread baking in the oven takes over; finally, you and your friends
or family can enjoy eating your tasty creation with a bit of fruit jam and a cup
The main ingredien