producing aggressive dogs. Choose two reasons why they believe so,
according to the text.
(A) Bad dogs are the products of training, rather than of their nature.
(B) Bull dogs in the past were much more aggressive than the current
(C) Owners teach dogs as they want, no matter what the breed.
(D) Some types of dogs represent an image that the owners want to
portray of themselves.
(E) It is against nature to breed animals.
(F) The nature of dogs is genetically determined.
(G) You must be qualified to own and train a dog.
fH 6 #~CO~V7 t ｰ~EQL>dt~60~ ~10)Uf)^((:)4)'H~i h27i3t, aE;- g;F,
(A) A long nose and wide nostrils are useful to be a good hunting dog.
B) Bull-baiting dogs need a lot of practice in most countries.
(C) Dogs will continue to be human companions, independent of breedbanning
(f) Fighting dogs are often believed to be dangerous to humans.
(E) Jobs which big working dogs do may include making sheep move along
in a group.
(F) People have come to prefer one-colored poodles over multicolored
(G) The author claims that selective breeding should be strictly controlled.
- 9 -
The government has just recently introduced a new law for bicycle riders.
It is now illegal to hold an umbrella or talk on a mobile phone while riding.
This new law is unfortunate for several reasons and should be abolished.
Japan is a country which receives a considerable amount of rain and forcing
riders to stop using an umbrella will cause many to get unnecessarily wet.
Similarly, mobile phones are now a very common way for people to keep in
touch. If we cannot use them while riding a bicycle, it will cause us a great
inconvenience. Although umbrellas and mobile phones may have caused a few
accidents, banning them seems like quite an extreme step. In a world with too
many cars which are creating climate change, the government should be
encouraging people to ride bicycles, not discouraging it.
Alison (A): The fertility rate has just hit a low level of 1. 34 babies per woman
Bill (B): I guess that means the average Japanese couple is not even having two
children these days?
A: That's right. And it seems to get lower every year.